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The Cape Floristic Region is the smallest of the six floral regions in the world, and is the only one contained within the borders of a single country. It comprises less than 0.04% of the earth's land surface and contains more than 9 000 plant species. Almost 70% of these species are endemic and found nowhere else on earth.
The term "fynbos" is derived from Dutch word meaning "fine bush". It typically grows on nutrient-depleted soils and is dominated by hard-leaved, flowering shrubs, many of which belong to the families Proteaceae, Ericaceae, Restionaceae (Cape Reeds), and geophytes (bulbed plants).
The oldest rocks in the south Western Cape date back almost 560 million years and are known as the Malmesbury Group and Cape Granite Suite.
There are seven endemic bird species in the fynbos region. These are: Cape Sugarbird, Orange-breasted Sunbird, Protea Seed-eater, Cape Siskin, Victorin's Warbler, Cape Rockjumper and Hottentot Buttonquail.
A large part of the diet of Later Stone Age people, apart from shellfish, consisted of tortoises and molerats.
The Kogelberg Biosphere Reserve is known as the "heart of the fynbos". It contains 1712 plant species and is one of the world's richest sites of plant diversity.
According to the International Hydrographic Organization (IHO), the Atlantic and Indian Oceans meet at Cape Agulhas, the southern most tip of Africa.
Southern Right Whales were given this name by the early whalers who considered it to be the "right" whale to hunt because of the fact that they were slow moving, yielded large amounts of blubber and always floated after being killed.
False Bay to Walker Bay Tour